Hello friends welcome to my latest blog about PCOD(poly cystic ovarian disease). You all must have heard about it. Today we are going to see how this disease affects an women’s reproductive as well as mental health.

•What is PCOD: It is a disease of women of reproductive age gruop. The disease is also known as Stein-Leventhal syndrome. In this disease multiple cyst are formed inside the ovary which leads to various clinical and physiological symptoms in a patient.

How it happens: Lots of theory about the pathogenesis of PCOD is there, but main important theories are discussed below

.Hyperandrogenism: Elevated lutinizing hormone cause increase ovarian androgen synthesis but as there is deficiency of follicle stimulating hormone the androgen can not convert to estrogen( main female hormone)within granulosa cell of ovary.

Insulin resistance: Most women with PCOD have inherited predisposition to insulin resistance which results in compensatory hyperinsulinemia which again leads to increase androgen level.

.Lifestyle Factors: Poor diet, lack of physical exercise and stress can also contribute to the development and worsening of PCOD.

What are the symptoms: This incude

  1. . >Irregular periods or no periods
  2. . > Excess hair growth on face, chest and back
  3. . > Acne and oily skin
  4. . > Weight gain and difficulty in losing weight
  5. . >Mood swing and depression
  6. . > Thinning hair or hair loss.
  7. . > Darkening of skin especially along neck creases, groin and underneath breast.
  8. From last few decades as mankind progressing towards development various lifestyle and genetically related diseses are emerging more in whole world. PCOD is one of such disease. It not only affect a women physically but also mentally as it brings stress and depression to most of the suffering women.
  9. Now how can we manage it: We can divide management in three parts1. Medical2. Lifestyle and Die3. Surgical
  10. In medical treatment the patient is treated according to her symptoms. For a patient with amenorrhea OCPs are mainstay of treatmentFor infertility SERM( selective estrogen receptor modulators) are used.For insulin resistance Metfromin is usedFor hair growth OCP + Cyproterone acetate are used
  11. Lifestyle and Diet: Regular exercise is very useful in improving insulin sensitivity and also useful in weight management.A balnced diet rich in whole grain, lean protein, fruits, vegetables can help in insulin levels and weight. Always useful to avoid processed food and excessive sugar. Relaxing exercise like Yoga, Meditation and deep breathing helps in reducing stress and have a positive impact on health.
  12. Surgical treatment: It is for last step and for some special cases like ovarian drilling, wedge resection, endoscopic ovarian cauterization, carbon dioxide laser vaporization of cysts.
  13. Conclusion: Managing PCOD requires patience and a holistic approach. Small lifestyle changes can have a big impact on health and overall well being. If you suspect you have PCOD , should consult a healthcare professional for accurate diagnosis and personalized guidance.

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